beam welding carriage chart example diagram worksheet

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Drawing Guide WELD SYMBOLS Welding Weld process numbers Table of Weld Symbols The weld symbols below are used in addition to the primary weld symbols as shown above DES –Connection Design Examples SINGLE SHEAR NAIL EXAMPLE Compare to NDS Table 12N value Z = lbs Nail Size 10d Mode Im Diameter in Mode Is Fyb psi Mode II Length in 3 Mode IIIm Mode IIIs Mode IV Main Member Thickness in 2 5 Main Member Species Southern Pine Z lbs = Beam Calculator Online Calculate the reactions Draws Bending Moment Shear Force Axial Force We updated the beam calculator interface and added additional features for calculating beams calculation of statically indeterminate beams image saving and section selection ! GO TO NEW INTERFACE BEAM > GO TO NEW INTERFACE FRAME/TRUSS > = T C2c o R 2 R = v max when 8> c =¥ 2a O l v k & 39 r& 39 & 39 " W DII d 2 M M when x> a and< a l> = R w x a atx~a•~ =R a• when X < a • = R x whenx> aand< 8 b =R x ~ x a& 39 f when X> 8 b = ~ 1 x 5 times the nominal weld size Examples of flexible con nections include framing angles top angles of seated beam connections and simple end plate connections 2 4 7 4 Stiffener Welds Except where the ends of stiffeners are welded to the flange fillet welds joining transverse stiffeners to girder webs shall start or termi Example Tributary width is 7 ft 5 ft = 12 ft If the load is PSF the load to the beam would be 12 ft x PSF = PLF The left wall has 7 ft of tributary width and would receive a load of PLF The right wall has 5 ft of tributary width and gets a load of PLF Note No matter where the beam is located in relationship to the Beams Fixed at One End and Supported at the Other Continuous and Point Loads Beams Fixed at Both Ends Continuous and Point Loads The standard method for specifying the dimensions of a American Wide Flange Beam is for example W 6 x 25 which is 6 inches deep with a weight of 25 lb/ft I shaped cross section beams Sep 30 LANL Standard Drawings and Details either 1 depict required format/content or 2 are templates that are completed by a Design Agency LANL or external AE for a design drawing package in a manner similar to specifications

Wide Flange Beam Dimensions Chart for sizes dimensions and section properties of steel wide flange beams Wide flange beams are designated by the letter W followed by the nominal depth in inches and the weight in pounds per foot Thus W12 × 19 designates a wide flange beam with a depth of 12 inches and a nominal weight of 19 pounds per foot W Shapes Dimensions Shapes Area A Depth d Web Flange Distance Thickness tw Width bf Thickness tf k1 T Work able Gage in 2 in in in in in in in W 12 x 65 x 72 x 79 x 87 x 96 x x x For example these can represent reactions from other members connecting to the beam The user inputs the name magnitude and location from the left of the beam The example diagram below from the summary section shows a two span continuous beam with a linear distributed patch load and point load 3 Calculation Summary OutputsBEAM Shear Moment BEAM Shear Moment FIXED AT ONE END SUPPORTED AT OTHER— CONCENTRATED LOAD AT CENTER Total Equiv Uniform Load — max 15 M max 16 M max 17 BEAM Shear FIXED AT BOTH ENDS—UNIFORMLY LOADS Total Equiv Uniform Load DISTRIBUTED 2wz w 12 12 24 — 61x — 12 El wx2 24El 3P1 5P1 32 5Px 16 lixN M max at ends at centerDrawing Forces in the Beam 12 Draw a diagram of the shear force in the beam The shear in the end of the beam starts out at 0 lbs However since there is a reaction of 22 lbs on the left side of the beam it will create that much shear in that location The line load will cause this shear to decrease along the length5% fair machinability excellent cold forming and welding properties Furnished in sheet strip plate bar rod forging billets and tube rounds tubing cold drawn shapes and structural shapes For parts in acid han dling food and dairy equipment shafting bearing plates heat exchanger tubes hydraulic tubing piston rods plungers etc AMERICAN INSTITUTE OF STEEL CONSTRUCTION 3 DESIGN OF FLEXURAL MEMBERS Table 3 23 {continued Shears Moments and Deflections 4 SIMPLE BEAM UNIFORM LOAD PARTIALLY DISTRIBUTED R = V max when 8 c =¥ 2a O l v k & 39 r& 39 & 39 " W DII d 2 M M • A beam is a structural member that is subjected primarily to transverse loads and negligible axial loads • The transverse loads cause internal shear forces and bending moments in the beams as shown in Figure 1 below w P V x M x x w P V x M x x Figure 1 Internal shear force and bending moment diagrams for transversely loaded beams Structural loads structural analysis and structural design are simply explained with the worked example for easiness of understanding Element designs with notes and discussions have added to get comprehensive knowledge

example is designated by a right triangle Weld Location Welding symbols are applied to the joint as the basic reference All joints have an arrow side near side and another side far side Accordingly the terms arrow side other side and both sides are used to indicate the weld location with respect to the joint The reference line is WIDE FLANGE BEAMS ASTM A36 & A WSHAPES Dimensions D e s i g n a t i on Web Flange Distance Ar ea D pth Thickne st w Wd Tk k Ad t 1 w 2 b f In 2 In In In In In In In In W10x 12 97⁄ 8 3⁄1 6 1⁄ 8 4 3⁄ 16 8⁄ 8 3⁄4 9⁄ 16 x 15 10 1⁄ 4 1⁄ 8 4 1⁄ 4 83⁄ 8 13 ⁄ 16 DESIGN EXAMPLES Comparative Shrinkage of Sawn Timber and Glulam Beams / Simple Beam Design / Upside Down Beam Analysis / Tension face Notch / Compression face Notch / Sloped End Cut / Beam Stability Effective Length Method / Beam Stability Equivalent Moment Method / Cantilever Beam Stability Equivalent Digit Significance Example 1st two or Minimum tensile strength E 60xx = 60 psi min 1st three 2nd last stress relieved Welding position p E xx = psi min 2nd last Welding position E xx1x = all positionsxx1x = all positions E xx2x = horizontal and flat E xx3x = flat Last Power supply type of slag type of arc amount ofJan 06 BEAM DESIGN FORMULAS WITH SHEAR AND MOMENT DIAGRAMS American Forest & Paper Association w R V V 2 2 Shear M max Moment x DESIGN AID No 6 AMERICAN WOOD COUNCILFigure 3 10 —Girder span on pipe columns Figure 3 11 —Built up column section such that the joints or splices are 1 1/2 to 2 feet above the second and succeeding story levels welding packets The worksheets have been collected edited and rearranged in an order that we hope will be helpful to all welding students whether you are taking just a few classes for welding skills upgrade or you are a degree or certificate seeking student When compiling this math reference packet care was taken to build onThe length of the weld is given to the right of the symbol If no length is given then the weld is to be placed between specified dimension lines if given or between those points where an abrupt change in the weld direction would occur like at the end of the plates in the example above Beams of more than one ply must be fastened together with either nails or bolts The IRC code calls for a minimum of a 32″ O C staggered pattern with at least a 3″″ nail We have learned from our experience to use at least a 3 1/4″‘″ groove shank nail in a column of four every foot apart down the laminate